The Identification of Collective Efforts in a Force-Based Framework
I extend a force-based analysis of individual efforts to collective ones. According to this approach, effort predications precise the way in which an action is performed by informing the audience that the agent must resist to some force for her action to succeed. Collective efforts, I argue, can therefore be identified (i) with respect to the resistance encountered by the agents, or (ii) with respect to the goal they pursue even though they don’t face the same resistance, or (iii) with respect to both the goal they pursue and the resistance they face. I finish by mentionning a few advantages of a force-based conception of social entities.
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